they were forbidden to own businesses or work in retail shops, drive cars, go to the cinema, visit the library, or own weapons, and Jewish pupils were removed from schools. The victory in France resulted in an upswing in Hitler's popularity and an upsurge in war fever in Germany. The church continued to resist and by early 1937 Hitler abandoned his hope of uniting the Protestant churches. People who were convicted of three or more offenceseven petty onescould be deemed habitual offenders and jailed indefinitely. While the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 was initially successful, the Soviet resurgence and entry of the US into the war meant the Wehrmacht (German armed forces) lost the initiative on the Eastern Front in 1943 and by late 1944 had been. The German authorities engaged in a systematic effort to destroy Polish culture and national identity. Goebbel's propaganda campaigns carried out in the second half of 1941 and again in 1943 had failed to convert them".